Some time ago I was speaking with another pastor and he said he was preaching on the best verse in the Bible. Having just finished teaching a class on Genesis in Uganda I asked if it was Genesis 3:15. That’s not what he had in mind but said that it was a good one. Ranking Bible verses would prove a daunting and tricky task. It really cannot be done. However, if one did rank them I would submit Genesis 3:15 for consideration as the best.
Why do I think so highly of this verse? On the first reading, it is cryptic and usually glossed over. That’s how I treated it until I learned better. Gen 3:15 is a great verse because 1) the context brings great hope, 2) it is programmatic of the rest of the Bible, & 3) God makes a promise that we know has been fulfilled.
In Genesis 1 & 2 God has created the world very good. He has made Adam and Eve, male and female in His image. God has given them food to eat and a garden to live in and the noble task of spreading the blessings of Eden to the rest of the world. He dwells among them. Life is good.
Yet Adam and Eve quickly throw it all away in order to be like God. It only takes until chapter 3 where we read about their sin. They were aware of God’s command not to eat of the forbidden fruit. They were aware of the consequences should they disobey God and eat of the fruit. Yet they were deceived by the serpent and ate anyways.
When God visits them in the garden He confronts their rebellion against Him. He begins with the serpent and gives him a curse. Then God moves on and tells Adam and Eve what curses come because of their sin. It is important to note that God doesn’t curse them directly. Rather the pain of giving birth is increased and the ground is cursed.
See we have already skipped over Gen 3:15. It is here, in the midst of the curses, while cursing the serpent that we read: “I (God) will put enmity between you (the serpent) and the woman (Eve), and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.”
Here God promises that he will start a war between the offspring of the woman and the offspring of the serpent. God is promising to deal with the sin Adam and Eve have just brought into the world. It will be the battle, at the injury of the offspring, which will eliminate the serpent and his work. It is hope in the midst of great trouble. Here, in the middle of the curse, is the promise to make right what has gone wrong. This is what we call grace.
It was hope for Adam and Eve and it is hope for us. Though we sin and take for granted all God has given us, we know that there stands one who has dealt with our sin on the cross. It is a message of grace for us. Just like Adam and Eve, we need faith on the promised one, Jesus Christ.
If you have ever wondered what the Bible is all about, let Genesis 3:15 be the guide. Humanity has sinned and God will deal with that sin through a chosen offspring. The Old Testament (OT) looks forward to the work of the promised offspring. The New Testament (NT) looks backward to the work of the promised offspring.
The search for the promised offspring begins in Genesis 4:1 when Eve has Cain and says, “I have gotten a man with the help of the Lord.” The text is making it plain that she is looking for this promised one. The search continues in Genesis 5:29 when Noah is born and his father, Lamech, says of him, “Out of the ground that the Lord has cursed this one shall bring us relief from our work and from the painful toil of our hands.”
Neither one was the promised offspring. But the search has begun. Listen to Lamech’s words and how they point to the fact that the promised one will end the curse brought on by sin. Jesus is that promised offspring. But the whole OT looks forward to His coming. Jesus says as much in Luke 24:27.
The NT looks backward to this promise and speaks of Jesus’ work in these terms. Romans 16:20 and Hebrews 2:14-15 provide discussion of Jesus defeating the serpent. Revelation 20:1-3, 10 also discusses the final fate of the serpent – that is Satan. He is defeated by Jesus.
Simeon is one who got this through the power of the Holy Spirit. In Luke 2 he sees Jesus as a baby and “took him up in his arms” and says he can depart in peace because “my eyes have seen your salvation that you have prepared in the presence of all peoples.” God’s salvation is in the form of the person Jesus Christ who which He first promised in Genesis 3:15. The Gospel of Luke also points to this fact by giving the genealogy of Jesus all the way back to Adam – and thus also Eve.
Theologians call Genesis 3:15 the protoeuangelion which simply means the first gospel. This text is the gospel in seed form. But it is the promise of good news for humanity through the suffering of the seed of the woman. Redemption is promised through the act of the seed. Far from the OT being ignorant of grace and Christ’s redemption, these topics appear here first and are clarified in the NT.
The program of the whole Bible is that one will come to deal with sin and the curse. The OT looks forward to it and the NT looks back to it. Today we look back to Jesus’ work and trust it alone as the hope for our sin and to deal with the problems brought on by the first sin as well as our own. The cure for the curse is Christ’s work. Period. The cure is not man’s obedience (as is commonly thought & taught).
We see by God’s promise, and its subsequent fulfillment in Christ, that nothing can stop God from bringing this about. In the OT there are bad people, kings, and deeds. There are world powers who oppress Isreal, unfaithful Israel who is exiled, and the destruction of the temple. Even the good guys do some terrible things – like David and Bathsheba as just one example. In the NT the religious leaders work against Jesus. Even the disciples try to stop Jesus from accomplishing His mission. However, nothing stops God from delivering on His promise. Nothing.
At the end of the 3rd chapter of Genesis, we have a beautiful scene of God showing grace and mercy to Adam and Eve. These are first fruits of the work to come. They were naked and had no shame but because of their sin they realized their nakedness and were ashamed. We might expect God to say they should deal with the mess they have made. Yet he doesn’t do that. Instead, he fashions a loincloth of animal skin to cover the nakedness and shame brought on by their own sin.
God is beginning to point to the work of Christ from the very beginning. He is showing a tender love that meets people where they are. He is dealing with sin and its effects in a real way but not in a permanent way. God knows that loin cloths don’t save people. They do cover nakedness and shame and point to Jesus who will remove shame permanently.
The specifics of the promise also point to the way in which the offspring will bring about redemption. God says that the serpent will bruise the offspring’s (as we know now that is Christ) heel and that the offspring will bruise the serpent’s head. So at great cost to himself – bruising of his heel, the offspring will achieve total victory over the serpent – bruising his head. Christ fulfills this by dying on the cross to completely and totally save people from their sins.
In Matthew 1:21 we learn why Jesus’ name is Jesus. It is because He will save His people from their sins. He came to deal with sin and its effects. When Adam and Eve sin, the first promise God makes is to deal with that sin through an offspring. Sin is the fundamental problem in our world today. Thus Jesus is the fundamental solution to that problem. We won’t know the full and final effects of that until Jesus returns. Now we have a wonderful foretaste.
That is why we endure in this life. We know that the serpent is still around deceiving people. The Bible tells his ultimate fate is defeat – Rev 20:1-3, 10. But even now Jesus provides the forgiveness for sin and the power to overcome sin. We look to him as the saints of old did and rest in Him for deliverance in this life and the next– Hebrews 12:1-3. If we want hope, the only place to turn is God’s promise.
Genesis 3:15 is a theologically packed verse. Its context, sin, provides the backdrop to the redemption Christ brings. Its message helps read the Bible in the right light. It teaches us that the redemption comes through Christ’s work and not though humanity’s obedience. Its promise is fulfilled and gives hope to endure. Is it the best verse in the Bible? I don’t know. But it sure is a great one.